Review of Published Research on Childhood Dissociative Indentiy Disorder: Most cases in US

The Scientific Status of Childhood Dissociative Identity Disorder: A Review of Published Research.
by Boysen, Guy A.
Psychotherapy & Psychosomatics; Oct2011, Vol. 80 Issue 6, p329-334, 6p

Guy Goysen of the Department of Psychology, State University of New York (SUNY) N.Y., USA, reviewed the published cases of childhood DID. His purpose was to evaluate its scientific status to find its origins.

Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) remains a diagnosis steep in controversy. Goysen attributes the controversy to professionals in the field being unable to agree on what causes it. The choices he gives are  1) childhood trauma

2) iatrogenesis (therapy induced).

A third choice that it doesn’t exist could not be a factor in his study, duh.

Methods: A search was conducted on MEDLIND and PsychINFO for studies published since 1980 strictly for cases in children,

Results: 225 cases of childhood dissociative identity disorder were reported since 1980.

93% were found from children in treatment. The United States accounted for 65% of the 225 cases reported.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), also a controversial document used in the diagnosis of dissociative identity disorder, previously multiple personality disorder was used.

Conclusion:Childhood DID continues to be rare and “few researchers have studied it in depth.”


Replies to Goysen’s research will likely revolve around unreported cases, undocumented cases, and the belief that children have DID – it is just under-diagnosed say some. That is the same excuse made when the question of DID being a culture-bound syndrome and is not found worldwide as are other mental disorders like schizophrenia, depression, and bipolar disorder.

This study was published less than a year ago. We will have to wait for rebuttals from the professional community.

Leave a comment


  1. Jessica

     /  11/15/2012 seems shes 6 and a half not 4, but still even at that age. the documentary itself is about a girl with actualyl childhood schizphrenia, but they introduce this girl too in it.


  2. Jessica

     /  11/12/2012

    During the documentary, Jani’s Next Chapter, they had a woman with a 4 year old diagnosed with dd-nos because she said whenever she did bad things it was other people in her head, to me it felt more like the mother attempting to explain away a lack resonsibility


    • Jessica – omg, do you have a link for that? This has been a worry of mine… come true?


    • Jessica, Diagnosing a 4 year old with multiple personalities AKA Dissociative Identity Disorder Not Otherwise Specified is perfectly improper and medical malpractice – IMHO.



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